Best of British
900 g shallots; 50 g salt; 24 dried red chillies; 4 tbsp coriander seeds; 4 tbsp mustard seeds; 4 tbsp black peppercorns; 4 tbsp crushed bay leaves; 600 ml vinegar.
Peel the shallots. Dissolve salt in 450 ml water, add shallots and leave for 24 hours, drain and then rinse. Divide between four sterilised jars, packing the shallots in tightly then add 6 chillies, 1 tbsp coriander seeds, 1 tbsp mustard seeds, 1 tbsp black peppercorns and 1 tbsp crushed bay leaves per jar. Pour vinegar over to cover the shallots and seal. Leave for at least 4 weeks before using. These will keep for 6 months.
bay leaves – alloro
dissolve – disciogliere
drain – scolare
rinse – sciacquare http://ow.ly/i/x9yKT
Quotes, Sayings & Idioms
“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, 1882 – 1945
whether – if (… or not)
No man is an island.
– People are not isolated but interconnected.
Stick to your guns = refuse to change or compromise, in spite of criticism
Even though everyone disagreed with Margaret’s decision she stuck to her guns and carried it through.
stick – stay with, adhere
guns – firearms
Best of British
The Pint Glass
Until the end of the Victorian era, pub-goers mostly drank out of pewter tankards, which hid the bits of sediment that used to float around in their beer. Then dingy pubs began to be better lit, and modern filtration methods started to produce a clearer drink. As newly drinkers took more notice of the clarity of their pint, the modern beer glass was born. The common pint glasses today are the conical ones, known also as ‘sleevers’, or the more traditional ‘dimple’ mugs.
tankards – boccali con coperchio
float – galleggiare
dingy – bui http://ow.ly/i/x9soX
Friday’s Phrasal Verbs
empty out – remove everything that’s inside something
Make sure you empty out your pockets before you put your trousers in the wash.
end up – come to a certain state, place, or situation by a long route or process
If Sheila keeps arguing like that in meetings she’ll end up not being invited any more.
hang around with – spend time with
You have to be careful who you hang around with nowadays. You hear of some really strange characters.
hang out – spend a lot of time in a place or with someone
We all meet up on Saturday nights and hang out at the local pub.
HELPFUL HINTS – FALSE FRIENDS
marmalade = a particular type of jam made from citrus fruit (oranges, lemons, etc.), normally eaten at breakfast
Alison has a lemon tree and two orange trees in her garden, and she makes her own marmalade.
N.B. marmalade IS NOT jam
* Do you prefer peach, apricot, or strawberry marmalade? NO
> Do you prefer peach, apricot, or strawberry jam? YES
Curious Deaths of Burmese Kings
Theinhko – killed by a farmer whose cucumbers he ate without permission. (931 AD)
Anawrahta – gored by a buffalo during a military campaign. (1077)
Uzana – trampled to death by an elephant. (1254)
Narathihapate – forced at knife-point to take poison. (1287)
Minrekyawswa – crushed to death by his own elephant. (1417)
Razadarit – died entangled in a rope for lassoing elephants. (1423)
Tabinshweti – beheaded by his chamberlains whilst searching for a fictitious white elephant. (1551)
Nandabayin – laughed to death when informed, by an Italian merchant, that Venice was a free state without a king. (1599)
#lezionediinglesegratis #shenkerlatina #burmesekings
Also called the Fourth of July, Independence Day in the United States commemorates the passage of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
The Congress had voted in favour of independence from Great Britain on July 2nd but did not complete the process of revising the Declaration until two days later.
Celebration was initially modelled on that of the king’s birthday, with bell ringing, bonfires, solemn processions, and oratory. During the summer of 1776 it took the form of a mock funeral for the king, whose “death” symbolized the end of monarchy and the rebirth of liberty.