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Guy Fawkes Day (Bonfire Night)

In Britain, on November 5, bonfires are lit, effigies are burned, and fireworks are set off.

Bonfire Night commemorates the execution of a notorious traitor, Guy Fawkes, who tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament on November 5th, 1606, in a Catholic plot (the “Gunpowder Plot”) aimed at killing the Protestant King James.
The first bonfire night followed Fawkes’ execution, with people burning effigies and symbolic bones of the pope. Bone fire eventually became bonfire.

Two centuries later, effigies of the pope were replaced by effigies of Guy Fawkes himself, and became known as guys. Later, the term guy came to mean any man.

Quotes, Sayings & Idioms

The world is changing: I feel it in the water, I feel it in the earth, and I smell it in the air.
J. R. R. Tolkien, English writer, 1892 – 1973
feel – to perceive by touch
smell – to perceive an odour

Ignorance of the law is no excuse.
– It is your responsibility to know the law.
law – the rules of the state

Break down barriers = improve communication between people who have different opinions
We’re having a meeting with the two groups to try and break down barriers between them.
break down – eliminate

The Origins of Halloween

Halloween, dates back two thousand years to a Celtic festival called Samhain, which marked the beginning of the “season of darkness”.

It was a time when the souls of the dead were believed to return to visit their homes. People set bonfires on hilltops to keep away the evil spirits and wore masks to avoid being recognised by them.

Halloween is celebrated on the last day of October. The name derives from an old English expression, All Hallows Eve, which is to say the day (eve) before All Saints’ Day, celebrated on November first (hallow = holy = saint).