Okay, this video is absolutely stellar. Watch it!
Dutch = from Holland (also known as the Netherlands)
Rembrandt, Vermeer and van Gogh were famous Dutch painters.
N.B. Dutch IS NOT German
X Bach, Beethoven and Brahms were famous Dutch composers
√ Bach, Beethoven and Brahms were famous German composers.
Guy Fawkes Day (Bonfire Night)
In Britain, on November 5, bonfires are lit, effigies are burned, and fireworks are set off.
Bonfire Night commemorates the execution of a notorious traitor, Guy Fawkes, who tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament on November 5th, 1606, in a Catholic plot (the “Gunpowder Plot”) aimed at killing the Protestant King James.
The first bonfire night followed Fawkes’ execution, with people burning effigies and symbolic bones of the pope. Bone fire eventually became bonfire.
Two centuries later, effigies of the pope were replaced by effigies of Guy Fawkes himself, and became known as guys. Later, the term guy came to mean any man.
“October extinguished itself in a rush of howling winds and driving rain and November arrived, cold as frozen iron, with hard frosts every morning and icy drafts that bit at exposed hands and faces.” – J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
At the hotel
check out – pay at the end of your stay
You must check out by 11:00 a.m.
go up – ascend
For the restaurant, go up the stairs to the mezzanine level.
be down – situated on a lower level
The gym is down on the lower ground floor.
make up – to make clean and tidy
Can you make up my room now?
The world is changing: I feel it in the water, I feel it in the earth, and I smell it in the air.
J. R. R. Tolkien, English writer, 1892 – 1973
feel – to perceive by touch
smell – to perceive an odour
Ignorance of the law is no excuse.
– It is your responsibility to know the law.
law – the rules of the state
Break down barriers = improve communication between people who have different opinions
We’re having a meeting with the two groups to try and break down barriers between them.
break down – eliminate
The Origins of Halloween
Halloween, dates back two thousand years to a Celtic festival called Samhain, which marked the beginning of the “season of darkness”.
It was a time when the souls of the dead were believed to return to visit their homes. People set bonfires on hilltops to keep away the evil spirits and wore masks to avoid being recognised by them.
Halloween is celebrated on the last day of October. The name derives from an old English expression, All Hallows Eve, which is to say the day (eve) before All Saints’ Day, celebrated on November first (hallow = holy = saint).