Tense changes in reported speech
Present -> past.
“My plane arrives at five.” -> Annie said her plane arrived at five.
Past/present perfect -> past perfect.
- “I waited the whole afternoon for you!” -> She said she had waited the whole afternoon for him.
- “I’ve never lied to you.” -> He told me he had never lied to me.
Note that will becomes would, can becomes could, must becomes had to, may becomes might.
Commands and requests: tell/ask + infinitive.
- “Clear up the kitchen!” -> Mr Kloof told us to clear up the kitchen.
- “Please help me.” -> She asked us to help her.