Focus on Cardiff
Cardiff, population 346,100, is the capital of Wales, and lies on its south coast. It was the territory of a Celtic tribe until the Romans invaded around 50 AD and built a fort near the mouth of the River Taff. The town was established towards the end of the eleventh century when the Normans built Cardiff Castle on the same site.
Between 1840 and 1870, it was the world’s largest coal port. Since 1949, it has been the seat of the devolved government for Wales, and Welsh is currently spoken by eleven percent of the population.
Significant development on the waterfront has recently seen the building of the Millennium Stadium, home ground to the Welsh national rugby team.