Grammar: Gerund and Present Participle
The -ing form of a verb is sometimes referred as the ‘gerund’ or the ‘present participle’, according to its function.
The ‘gerund’ has a noun function. It can be the subject of a sentence, or the object of a verb or preposition.
Meeting new people is difficult in a job like mine.
I hate being late for appointments.
What about having lunch next Sunday?
The ‘present participle’ is used with the auxiliary verb be to form the progressive tenses.
I was living in Paris for part of last year.
I’ve been studying French for two years now.
It can also be used as an adjective.
“What an interesting book!” “Hmm. I found it to be rather boring, actually.”