parents = mother and father

My parents both come from the same small town in New South Wales.

N.B. parents IS NOT relatives

* I have a lot of parents in Australia.

> I have a lot of relatives in Australia.

Note: relatives = aunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents, etc.



Today, December 25th 1954, Bing Crosby’s ‘White Christmas’ entered the Billboard Pop chart for the eleventh time. Bing’s rendition has sold over 100 million copies around the world, with at least 50 million sales as singles.

Friday’s Phrasal Verbs

take back – return something that you bought in a shop

Sue’s new trousers were too small, so she took them back and got a larger size.

calm down – stop feeling upset, angry or excited

After a bad day at the office, I often calm down with a nice cold gin and tonic.

doze off – gradually start to sleep

Peter dozed off on the sofa in front of the telly and didn’t hear the doorbell.

hang around – move or do things slowly

Come on, we haven’t got time to hang around! The train leaves in half an hour!


That in American English, “cookie” means “biscuit”… and that there are many, many varieties of cookie?

Just like “tortellini” are just one type of pasta, “chocolate chip cookies” are just one type of cookie.

It is an important American Christmas tradition to make Christmas cookies. Here is a link with recipes to so many different types of American Christmas cookies!


orphic – adj. Of, relating to, or being an oracle

“‘No summer ever came back, and no two summers ever were alike,’ said I, with a degree of Orphic wisdom that astonished myself.” — Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Blithedale Romance, 1852

Quotes, Sayings & Idioms


“Ability involves responsibility. Power, to its last particle, is duty.” Alexander Maclaren, Scottish non-conformist minister,1826 – 1910

duty – a moral or legal obligation


Crime doesn’t pay.

– In the long run, illegal activities are not profitable


Piece of cake = a job or task that is easy or simple

That jig-saw puzzle was a piece of cake. Have you got another one I can do?